How to prevent the ingress of moisture through the cable of submersible pressure transmitters and level probes?

If you wish to measure the degree of a liquid easily and reliably, a lot of people can do this using hydrostatic pressure measurement, e.g. with a submersible pressure transmitter or a so called level probe. The characteristic submersed application implicates a maximum contact with the surrounding, mainly water-based medium, respectively to ?moisture?.
Exposure isn’t just limited to the wetted parts of the pressure sensor housing, but also to the complete immersed length of the cable. Furthermore, beyond your directly immersed level probe parts, the cable, and specifically the cable end, are often exposed to moisture due to splash water, rain and condensation. This is true not merely during operation, but even more during installation and commissioning, or when maintenance or retrofitting is necessary. Irrespective of the prospective application, whether in water and wastewater treatment or in tank monitoring, moisture ingress into the cable ends of the submersible pressure transmitter can occur early and irreversibly with insufficient protection measures, and, in virtually all cases, result in premature failure of the instrument.
The ingress of moisture into the cable outlet and from there on downwards in to the electronics of the level probe must be actively eliminated by preventive actions by the user. To measure the level with highest accuracy, the varying ambient pressure above the liquid media, that is also ?resting? on the liquid, must be compensated contrary to the hydrostatic pressure functioning on the pressure sensor (see article: hydrostatic level measurement).
Ventilation tube
Thus, it is logical that there is a constant risk of a moisture-related failure because of moisture ingress (both via the ventilation tube and through the specific cable itself) if you can find no adequate precautionary measures. To pay the ambient pressure ?resting? on the media, a ventilation tube runs from the sensor element within the level probe, through the cable and out of the level probe at the end of the cable. Due to capillary action within the ventialation tube used for ambient pressure compensation, moisture can be transported from the encompassing ambience right down to the sensor.
Thus not only air, but additionally moisture penetrates into the tube, hence the sensor in the probe and the electronics around it really is irreparably damaged. This can result in measurement errors and, in the worst case, even to failure of the particular level probe. To avoid any premature failure, the ingress of moisture in to the ventilation tube must be completely prevented. Additional protection against moisture penetration through the ventilation tube is supplied by fitting an air-permeable, but water-impermeable filter element at the end of the vent tube.
bare wires
Not to be ignored can be the transport of the liquid through high-humidity loads along the only limitedly protected internals of the cable, e.g. along the wires, all the way down to the submersible pressure transmitter. As a respected manufacturer, WIKA uses appropriate structural design to prevent fluid transport, so far as possible, into the electronics of the submersible pressure transmitter. Because of molecular diffusion and capillary effects, a guaranteed one-hundred percent protection over the full duration of the submersible pressure transmitter, however, is never achievable.
It is therefore recommended that the cable is always terminated in a waterproof junction box with the appropriate IP protection (e.g. IP65) which is matched to the installation location. If this cable junction box is subjected to weather and varying temperature conditions, it is also recommended to pay attention to a controlled pressure equalisation as a way to prevent the formation of condensation or perspiration water and pumping effects. To handle this technical requirement, as an accessory to a submersible pressure transmitter, it is possible to order a link box having an integrated air-permeable, water-impermeable membrane.
Ultimately, moisture ingress can occur not only through the exposed end of the cable, but additionally through mechanical harm to the cable sheath or as a result of liquid diffusion because of improper chemical resistance of the cable material. In this article ?Selection criteria for preventing moisture-related failures of submersible pressure transmitters or level probes? เกจวัดความดันpressuregauge is described at length.
WIKA offers comprehensive solutions for your hydrostatic-pressure level measurement. For further assistance in selecting the submersible pressure transmitter most suitable for the application, please use our contact page.
Please find more info on this topic on our information platform ?Hydrostatic level measurement?

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